History & culture
With the Roman conquest of the Istrian peninsula in the years 178 and 177 B.C., a gradual colonisation and Romanisation of the peninsula began. This is how the Roman “ville rusticae” came to be built in the hinterland of Piran, although there was probably still no major inhabitation of this area at that time. You can see many masterpieces of architects and artists who have throughout the centuries shaped picturesque buildings, streets, squares, churches and other valuable art pieces. When you enter the town, you will immediately see Tartini Square, the centre of the town. Above the compact town centre reigns St. George's Cathedral, which gives the city its special character. It was probably built in the 12th century, but no exact data in this regard exists.
Our ancestors, salt workers, farmers and fishermen, handed down to us a rich cultural heritage. The traditional festival of salt – the Saltpan Feast – is held every last weekend in April or on the name day of St. George, the patron saint of Piran. On this day, a new season of salt harvesting begins. Traditionally, the locals from Piran moved to the salt pans, every year for four months. After the festivities, they loaded up their furniture, kitchenware, icons, flour, oil, garlic and a cat, and sailed off to the salt pans.