History & culture
At the confluence of Soča and Tolminka rivers and not far from Tolmin, the state of Germany built a German Charnel in 1938 in which German soldiers, killed on the battlefields around Tolmin during the 12th Soča offensive, are buried. The material for this cultural, historical and architectural monument was brought to Slovenia from Germany. A company from Munich constructed it.
The chapel marks the central part of the monument. The interior is divided into two parts: the first depicts the names of fallen soldiers written on oak boards and the second, divided from the first by an ornamental wrought iron fence, the names of the fallen soldiers written on the walls in mosaic. A tomb of an unknown soldier lies in the center of this area; the sun shines on it at the time of the vernal equinox.
Fun fact: German charnel
- in 1938, a Munich firm completed the construction of thisossuary where 965 German soldiers are buried. The cut stones for its construction were brought from Germany. At the entrance to the foyer is a door forged from gun barrels.
The hill in the middle of the Tolmin basin presents a colorful history. The ruins on the hill are the remains of the best-preserved and most important castle in the Tolmin area. The Tolmin area, especially the important roads, was controlled from its ramparts between the 12th and 17th centuries and during WWI.
Many powerful feudal lords, the Aquileian Patriarchs, the Counts of Gorica, the Town of Cividale, the Venetians and finally the Hapsburgs, all strove to occupy Kozlov Rob. The provincial governor entrusted the protection of the castle to powerful noble families. The first count of the castle was first mentioned in 1188; and the first mention of the St. Martin Chapel in the castle dates to 1194.
The castle building was damaged during earthquakes in 1348 and 1511. At the end of the 16th century the castle was still being renewed. After 1651, when the Coronini's took over the Tolmin nobility and governorship the castle was finally abandoned and a new castle was built in the town of Tolmin (a part of which now houses the museum).
Tolmin Museum presents the rich cultural heritage of the Soča region.Located in the former Coronini Manor in the centre of Tolmin, the Tolmin Museum presents the rich cultural heritage of the Soča region.In the permanent “Deposits of History along the Soča River” exhibition, the Early Iron Age finds from Most na Soči are outstanding, and there is an attractive presentation of the 1713 Tolmin Peasant Rising.It houses a rich ethnological and archaeological collection. The attractive display on life in the Tolmin region includes a presentation of the rich local history and life through the ages in the area as well as the struggles for justice, the most important of them being the Tolmin peasant uprising of 1713.On prior arrangement, the curators of the museum organise guided tours for groups to cultural monuments in the immediate surroundings of Tolmin, such as the German Ossuary, the church of the Holy Spirit in Javorca and the Most na Soči archaeological site.The museum includes a wedding hall, a gallery with regular exhibitions and a museum shop.
Source: Dolina Soče