Nature

Forests and mountains

Gorjanci

The Karst landscape and predominantly forest covered mountains are the entire southern border of the Municipality of Krško with Croatia. The land rises from the Krško basin to Trdinov Vrh (1178 m). There are many springs in the Gorjanci, the most famous of which are the mythological ‘Gospodična’ and ‘Zaganjalka Minutnik’. Clear streams such as the Kobila, Pendirjevka and Kamfer have carved deep and picturesque valleys into the northern slopes. Among the forests of the Gorjanci there is also the Ravna Gora reserve with 4 hectares of protected thick beech. Among the many types of hunting and other wildlife, we may find deer and bears, while even during the times of Valvasor, the Gorjanci were known for dormice. Among the natural vegetation we can find certain healing and rare herbs, and various mushrooms. The lower slopes and regions without forest are the real home of the wine Cviček.

Bohor

Bohor lies to the left of the municipal centre of Krško, in the middle of the area between the Sava River and the confluence of the Savinja and Sotla rivers with the Sava River at an altitude of 900 m. This is a wide and 20 km long mountain range that stretches in an arc in an east-west direction. They are predominantly covered by forests in a band 300 m to 1024 m above sea level. On broad terraces at 720 m to 750 m on the southern slopes there are cleared woodland villages. The highest-lying village on Bohor is Stranje (Zalog) – 820 m above sea level. The highest peak of Bohor is Veliki Javornik with 1024 m above sea level. Better views are offered by the lower Skalica (951 m) and Veliki Koprivnik (982 m). The northern slopes are steep and mostly covered by mixed forests with a lot of spruce and fir.

Source: TIC Krško

Fun fact: The Krakov forest is an exceptional area that entrances everybody who comes under its wing. It offers interesting views on the development of the lowland flooded forest; with its 7,000 hectares it is the only one in Slovenia that has remained; all former extensive oak forests along the Sotla, the Krka and the Sava were cut down for the needs of the Trieste shipyard. The trees that grow in the forest are oaks and white beeches. You can find here rare plants, such as dog bulbs (Gagea spathacea), marsh plants (Fritilaria meleagris) and dacica lungwort (Pulmonaria dacica). The two marshy areas Trstenik and Valenčevka are important living spaces of amphibious animals, first of all of swamp frogs.

Waters

The waterfalls of Bohor

Along the southern slope of Bohor, water pierces through solid Triassic dolomite, where it carves out deep gorges, and creates waterfalls and cascades when it encounters solid stone dams. From the west to east, they are: Bojanca on the Stranjski stream, Pekel on the Blanščica, Ubijavnik on the Dobrovski stream, while the Zapečje waterfall is found near the village Poreber.

The River Sava

The Sava River is the longest running water in the municipality. In its history, the changing flow of river formed river terraces. By the second half of the 19th century it was an important water cargo road, with ports at Drnovo, in Krško and Rajhenburg. The river will become more important again after on the Posavje area hydroelectric plants will be built, one will also be in the Municipality of Krško. It comes to us from Zasavje running through a narrow gorge, carved through the hills. Here the valley spreads out into Krško polje and Sava becomes a lowland river.

The River Krka

The river Krka is a typical slowly running karst river that measures 92.3 km from its source to its confluence with the river Sava. It is characterised by an extremely low gradient with almost regular spring and winter floods. The main fish species found in its waters are catfish, pike, and blades having natural spawning in its tributaries. The Krka offers plenty of delights: fishing, swimming, boating, canoeing or just a rest from everyday worries on its banks.

The fish pond Mačkovci in Brestanica

First completed by the counts of Brestanica and later maintained by the Trappists. The total area, of which there is more than 15 hectares of land, was bought in 1961 by members of the Brestanica-Krško fishing club. They gradually restored three ponds with a surface area of 6.5 hectares and filled them with various fish species, mainly carp, catfish, grass carp, and some other fish species. Here we may encounter turtles, gray herons, grebes and rare frog species. The ponds with their forest-meadow surroundings and boating opportunities have become a popular sport-fishing and excursion site over the years.

Pond at Resa

It is situated in Krško, on the left bank of the river Sava na Vidmu. It is a popular promenade for the young and the elderly. In case of drought, the water can drop drastically and it has even happened that the pond completely dried up in summer. In case of low temperatures in winter, the pond freezes over and becomes a popular skating rink. The pond is the most beautiful in spring and autumn, when it comes to life in all its beauty and has ducks on it.

Source: TIC Krško

Mines and caves

Coal tunnel

The history of the Senovski coalmine started in 1796, when coal was found by the farrier Andrej Grabner, while preparing charcoal in the Reštanjski woods. Count Attems from Rajhenburg first started to exploit it with surface mining in 1810. The two centuries of mining has left a deep mark in the region and its residents. To display how mining was done for future generations, a coal tunnel was built by the miners on the premises of the Senovo primary school. The cave supports, tools and equipment of miners, mine lighting, machinery, and other equipment are all presented in a very authentic setting.

Geological collection at the XIV division Primary School in Senovo

The collection consists of rock samples, fossils and minerals. The rocks are from a collection exchanged by student between Slovenian schools more than 20 years ago. The collection contains 192 samples from all three groups – igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Most of the fossils are from the former mining collection (170 samples). The collection of minerals is composed from the collection the school acquired with the help of eng. Krečič from the Natural History Museum and the mining collection. Given the chemical structure of minerals, all nine groups are presented in the 210 samples. The collection is located in the corridor; viewing is possible by prior arrangement with the school principal.

The Cave Ajdovska jama

The Ajdovska or Kartuševa cave is located in a region of Karst hills in Nemška vas. Today, like an oasis, it is surrounded by vineyards of noble wine, while souls of the past still linger there with the faithful guardians – the Mediterranean horseshoe bats, which are particularly at risk in Europe. Because this is the largest birthing colony of this species of bat in Slovenia, Ajdovska cave is classified in the Natura 2000 network and with its surrounding is proclaimed as a natural asset. The cave served in the past as a sanctuary and last resting place of the deceased. This is confirmed by archaeological finding that rank the cave among the major Neolithic sites in Europe.

In order to protect the bats, the cave is closed between April 15 and October 31. Two versions of sightseeing are possible, during winter the visits are unrestricted, while in summer visits are not possible.

Source: TIC Krško

 

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